- Hypnosis is a state of human consciousness involving focused attention and reduced peripheral awareness and an enhanced capacity for response to suggestion.
- Hypnotic induction is the process undertaken by a hypnotist to establish the state or conditions required for hypnosis to occur.
- The role theory of hypnosis states that a hypnotized person is not actually in an alternate state of consciousness but is playing the role of being hypnotized, which includes complying with the instructions of the hypnotist.
- The state theory of hypnosis describes hypnosis as an altered state of consciousness. According to this theory, real, significant changes in basic mental processes take place during hypnosis.
- The dissociation theory of hypnosis contends that hypnosis is a splitting of the central control of thought processes and behavior with the hypnotized person agreeing to give some of the control to the hypnotist.
- The American psychologist, Ernest Hilgard, was known for his his theory that a so-called hidden observer is created in the mind while hypnosis is taking, an idea in support of his neodissociationist theory of hypnotism.
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