Carbohydrates are polyhydroxy aldehydes or polyhydroxy ketones, their simple derivatives, or substances that yield such compounds upon hydrolysis. Carbohydrates perform a multiplicity of roles in living systems in addition to serving as one of the main types of nutrient molecules. In addition to understanding the basic chemical nature of carbohydrates and their uses in living organisms, including energy metabolism, it pays to take some time at the beginning with this material to make sure you understand the systems of nomenclature for monosaccharides based on the placement of its carbonyl group, the number of carbon atoms and chiral handedness as well as the nomenclature for describing glycosidic bonds.
Conceptual Vocabulary Self-Test
Basic Terms Crossword Puzzle
Basic Puzzle Solution
Conceptual Vocabulary for Carbohydrates