Integrated SequencePhysics Chemistry Organic Biology

Web Resources

The Individualist - Carbohydrates as Biological Markers
Excellent survey article on the role of glycosylated markers in cell-cell recognition.

  click if a link is broken

Special points of emphasis



Nucleic Acids


Biological Membranes

Bioenergetics and Cellular Respiration

Integration of Metabolism

Bacteria and Archaea



The Lymphatic System and Immunity

In addition to serving as fuel and as biosynthetic precursors, carbohydrates are also found linked to many proteins (glycoproteins and proteoglycans) and lipids, such as with integral membrane lipids and proteins. Carbohydrate units on cell surfaces are important for cell-cell recognition during development and in immune processes.

The WikiPremed MCAT Course is a free comprehensive course in the undergraduate level general sciences. Undergraduate level physics, chemistry, organic chemistry and biology are presented by this course as a unified whole within a spiraling curriculum.

Please read our policies on privacy and shipping & returns.  Contact Us.
MCAT is a registered trademark of the Association of American Medical Colleges, which does not endorse the WikiPremed Course.

Creative Commons License
The work of WikiPremed is published under a Creative Commons Attribution Share Alike 3.0 License. There are elements of work here, such as a subset of the images in the archive from WikiPedia, that originated as GNU General Public License works, so take care to follow the unique stipulations of that license in printed reproductions. You can use the resources here for commercial or non-commercial purposes, but please give attribution and a link to the production credits and edit history of the resource. For the works here which began as my individual work, please attribute "John Wetzel, an author at".