Reactions of Aldehydes and Ketones
Bioenergetics and Cellular Respiration
Integration of Metabolism
|The oxidation-reduction progression involving alcohols, aldehydes/ketones, carboxyl groups, and carbon dioxide is important both for biosynthesis and energy metabolism. Here are a few more examples which are good to contemplate for the MCAT. Contemplation is not the same thing as memorizing dozens of biochemical pathways before the exam.|
The conversion of pyruvate to lactate involves reduction of a carbonyl group to a hydroxyl group.
The carbonyl group in an acetoacetyl group is reduced, on its way to forming a purely aliphatic chain, in fatty acid synthesis.
The corticosteroids cortisol and cortisone differ from each other by the reduction of a single carbonyl group.