Integrated SequencePhysics Chemistry Organic Biology

Web Resources

  click if a link is broken

Special points of emphasis

Functional Groups in Organic Chemistry

Reactions of Carboxylic Acids and Derivatives

Take the opportunity at this stage in the MCAT course to review the reactions of carboxylic acids. We will cover carboxylic acids more carefully later in the chapter Reactions of Carboxylic Acids. Reactions of carboxylic acids and carboxylic acid derivatives include α-halogenation of carboxylic acids (Hell-Volhard-Zelinsky Reaction), decarboxylization of malonic acid and related compounds, acid halide formation, Fischer esterification, carboxylate anion in SN2 ester formation, hydrolysis of acid halides, aminolysis of acid halides, esterification of acid halides, esterification of acid anhydrides, saponification of esters, nitrile hydrolysis, nitrile reduction, Hofmann rearrangement.

The WikiPremed MCAT Course is a free comprehensive course in the undergraduate level general sciences. Undergraduate level physics, chemistry, organic chemistry and biology are presented by this course as a unified whole within a spiraling curriculum.

Please read our policies on privacy and shipping & returns.  Contact Us.
MCAT is a registered trademark of the Association of American Medical Colleges, which does not endorse the WikiPremed Course.

Creative Commons License
The work of WikiPremed is published under a Creative Commons Attribution Share Alike 3.0 License. There are elements of work here, such as a subset of the images in the archive from WikiPedia, that originated as GNU General Public License works, so take care to follow the unique stipulations of that license in printed reproductions. You can use the resources here for commercial or non-commercial purposes, but please give attribution and a link to the production credits and edit history of the resource. For the works here which began as my individual work, please attribute "John Wetzel, an author at".