The Chemical Bond
Functional Groups in Organic Chemistry
|One very important MCAT context for orbital theory is in understanding the hybrid orbitals of organic chemistry, their spatial geometry and energy characteristics. In forming chemical bonds, atomic orbitals undergo both inter- and intra-molecular orbital hybridization.|
Intermolecular orbital hybridization occurs between orbitals of different atoms.
Intramolecular orbital hybridization occurs between orbitals of the same atom.
In organic chemistry, intra-molecular orbital hybridization (sp3, sp2, etc.) plays a roll in determining the structural and chemical properties of the functional groups.