Oxidation of a primary alcohol yields an aldehyde or, under the most strong, vigorous oxidizing conditions, a carboxylic acid. The stronger oxidizing agents KMnO4 and K2Cr2O7 both mainly transform primary alcohols into carboxylic acids, while Collin’s reagent, PCC and PDC form aldehydes. Oxidation of a secondary alcohol yields a ketone. Extreme conditions are necessary to oxidize a tertiary alcohol, producing cleavage mixtures.
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